Scaling Cleaner Freight Movement

The Case for HD Regional Haul Tractors

The Run on Less – Electric demonstration focused on the heavy-duty regional haul tractors of the trucking industry in addition to medium-duty box trucks, terminal tractors and vans and step vans.

The four fleet-OEM pairs in the heavy-duty regional haul tractor market segment were:

  1. Anheuser-Busch with a BYD 8TT tractor
  2. Biagi Bros. with a Peterbilt Model 579EV
  3. NFI with a Volvo VNR Electric
  4. Penske with a Freightliner eCascadia

How It Worked

This report’s conclusions were generated through the data collection and calculations from the four heavy-duty regional haul tractors that participated in Run on Less – Electric, interviews conducted with representatives from the participating fleets and tractor builders and input from other industry experts.

All four vehicles were instrumented with a Geotab telematics device that tracked daily range, speed profiles, state of charge, charging events, amount of regenerative braking energy recovery, weather and number of deliveries.


The Run on Less – Electric demonstration and subsequent research indicate that in the heavy-duty regional haul tractor market segment, 50% of those vehicles are electrifiable now.

Additional Findings Include:

Lessons Learned

NACFE learned a number of lessons during the three weeks of the Run specific to heavy-duty regional haul tractors.


Heavy-duty regional haul battery electric trucks are viable solutions today for improving fleet freight efficiency and helping achieve sustainability goals on short and some medium length routes where daily mileage is 200 miles with one shift return-to-base operations where overnight vehicle dwell time allows for lower cost overnight charging. Other variations of duty cycles also may be very viable where higher rate en route charging can extend vehicle range.

As Run on Less – Electric concluded in September 2021, NACFE predicted that 70% of this market segment was electrifiable. Given the more detailed analysis, interviews with industry experts and further research for this report, we now consider this market segment to be 50% electrifiable with lower average daily miles which results in the avoidance of nearly 29.4 million metric tonnes CO2e annually (e equals carbon dioxide equivalent). NACFE estimates the entire CO2e to be eliminated by this segment at an average of 250 miles per day to be 97.8 million metric tonnes.

More details on Run on Less – Electric can be found here.
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